AskDefine | Define country

Dictionary Definition

country

Noun

1 the territory occupied by a nation; "he returned to the land of his birth"; "he visited several European countries" [syn: state, land]
2 a politically organized body of people under a single government; "the state has elected a new president"; "African nations"; "students who had come to the nation's capitol"; "the country's largest manufacturer"; "an industrialized land" [syn: state, nation, land, commonwealth, res publica, body politic]
3 the people who live in a nation or country; "a statement that sums up the nation's mood"; "the news was announced to the nation"; "the whole country worshipped him" [syn: nation, land, a people]
4 an area outside of cities and towns; "his poetry celebrated the slower pace of life in the country" [syn: rural area] [ant: urban area]
5 a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography); "it was a mountainous area"; "Bible country" [syn: area]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

contree, contre, from contrée, from Vulgar Latin (terra) contrata, derived from contra.

Pronunciation

  • , /ˈkʌntri/, /"kVntri/

Noun

  1. A nation state, a political entity asserting ultimate authority over a geographical area.
    Australia is both a country and a continent.
  2. A former independent nation state (e.g., England or Scotland).
  3. In the context of "usually preceded by “the”": A rural area, as opposed to a town or city; countryside.
    I come from the country — I'd hate to live in the city now, I'm so used to the woodland and meadows.
    These animals are now found only in the high country.
  4. Short for country music, a genre of popular music that has rural Southern roots and embraces numerous subgenres and styles.

Translations

nation state (noun)
a former independent nation state (e.g., England or Scotland) (noun)
the country, rural area, as opposed to the town or city (noun)
country music
  • Finnish: kantri

Adjective

  1. From the countryside or connected with it.
  2. Of or connected to country music.

Translations

of, from or pertaining to the countryside (adjective)

Extensive Definition

In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity. Frequently, a sovereign territory, the term is most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government.
In common usage, the term is used casually in the sense of both "nation" and "state". Definitions may vary. It is sometimes used to refer to both states and some other political entities., while in some occasions it refers only to state. It is not uncommon for general information or statistical publications to adopt the wider definition for purposes such as illustration and comparison.
There are non-sovereign territories (subnational entities, another form of political division or administrative division within a larger nation-state) which constitute cohesive geographical entities, some of which are former countries, but which are not sovereign states. Some are designated as countries, others are not. The degree of autonomy and local government varies widely. Some are possessions of such statesas several states have overseas dependencies, with territory and citizenry separate from their own. Such dependencies are sometimes listed together with states on lists of countries.

References

  • Anderson, Benedict; 'Imagined Communities: Reflections On the origin and Spread of Nationalism'; London, Verso; 1991
  • Viotti, Paul R. and Kauppi, Mark V.; 'International Relations and World Politics - Security, Economy, Identity'; Second Edition; New Jersey, Prentice Hall; 2001

External links

country in Arabic: بلد (مصطلح)
country in Aymara: Jach'a marka
country in Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa): Краіна
country in Breton: Bro
country in Catalan: País
country in Welsh: Gwlad
country in Modern Greek (1453-): Χώρα
country in Spanish: País
country in Esperanto: Lando
country in Persian: کشور
country in French: Pays
country in Galician: País
country in Gujarati: દેશ
country in Swahili (macrolanguage): Nchi
country in Ladino: Pais
country in Hungarian: Ország
country in Malay (macrolanguage): Negara (geografi)
country in Japanese: 国家
country in Low German: Land
country in Polish: Pays
country in Portuguese: País
country in Romanian: Ţară
country in Vlax Romani: Them
country in Russian: Страна
country in Simple English: Country
country in Swedish: Land
country in Thai: ประเทศ
country in Turkish: Ülke
country in Ukrainian: Країна
country in Yiddish: לאנד
country in Chinese: 国家

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Arcadian, acres, agrarian, agrestic, agricultural, airspace, alluvion, alluvium, arable land, area, belt, blue-ribbon jury, boondocks, bucolic, campestral, clay, clod, confines, continental shelf, corridor, countrified, countryside, crust, department, dirt, district, division, dry land, dust, earth, environs, farm, fatherland, freehold, glebe, grand jury, grassland, ground, heartland, hinterland, home, homeland, hung jury, inquest, jury, jury list, jury of inquest, jury of matrons, jury panel, land, landholdings, lithosphere, lowland, marginal land, marl, milieu, mold, mother country, motherland, mountains, nation, native land, neighborhood, offshore rights, outback, outland, panel, part, parts, pastoral, petit jury, place, police jury, power, precincts, premises, provinces, provincial, purlieus, quarter, real estate, real property, realm, region, regolith, rural, rustic, salient, section, sessions, sod, soil, space, special jury, state, sticks, subaerial deposit, subsoil, terra, terra firma, terrain, territory, the country, three-mile limit, topsoil, trial jury, twelve-mile limit, upland, venire, vicinage, vicinity, wilderness, woodland, woods, zone
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